Задание 35. Лексико-грамматические навыки: все задания

Остальные задачи


Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Выберите из предложенных вариантов слово, которое пропущено в тексте рядом с буквой D. В поле ответа введите номер, который соответствует выбранному слову.


I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I (A)________ the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who (B) ________ me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and (C) ________ me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned (D) ________ that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could (E) ________ intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I (F) ________ that I was dressing with unusual care.
She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn’t help thinking that something was wrong. There was no (G) ________ to think the worst. However, I couldn’t make myself propose to her.
  1. up
  2. down
  3. on
  4. out


Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст.

Dirty Job? Oh Yeah!

"You couldn’t pay me to do that job!" Have you ever said that? Some occupations are so unpleasant that most people would never be (A) ________ to do them.

Jeff Biggs has a job like that, but he likes it. He's the kind of guy who, as a kid, loved to play around in mud after a rainstorm, the kind of kid who loved squeezing oatmeal (B) ________ his fingers.

Bigg's dirty job is being a sewer inspector. He inspects city sewer pipes that carry household wastewater and storm-drain runoff to water treatment plants. "Believe me," says Biggs, "unpleasant doesn't come (C) ________ to describing it. I creep, sometimes swim, through sewage all day." (D) ________ to the unpleasant smells that he encounters, sewer tunnels are (E) ________ to creatures such as cockroaches and rats. And those creatures aren't shy.

What is it like to do a really disgusting job day after day? "Someone has to do it," says Biggs. "I seriously can't imagine sitting in an office all day, and I earn a good salary. At the end of my workday, I've (F) ________ something, and I've helped to keep our city's water clean and drinkable."

And after work? "I don't walk into the house right (G) ________," explains Biggs. "We installed the washing machine in the garage and put a shower stall in there too. I toss my clothes into the washer, take a shower, and dress in clean clothes. Then I greet my family. Of course, sometimes the clothes go into the trash, not the washer."
Выберите из предложенных вариантов слово, которое пропущено в тексте рядом с буквой D.
  1. besides
  2. in addition
  3. except
  4. moreover
В поле ответа введите номер, который соответствует выбранному слову.


Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст.

Taming Birds

The most amazing thing happened this morning. I still can’t believe it! Everyone knows how much I love feeding birds. In fact, I have several feeders around the yard. So, today, just as I was (A) ________ to fill one of my feeders, I noticed a chickadee perched on the lower branch of a (B) ________ tree. The little bird seemed to be watching me.

Of course, chickadees really like sunflower seeds, and that’s what I always put in this feeder. I (C) ________ it was probably hungry and just waiting for me to finish up and leave. It was then that I got this great idea.

Chickadees are supposed to be easy to hand-tame. Well, the chickadee was still perched on the tree, and I had the seeds, so I decided to try. I took a (D) ________ of seeds, held out my hand – palm up – next to the feeder and stood very still. I didn’t even (E) ________ my nose when it started to itch! About a minute later, the chickadee flew to the tree closest to the feeder. I (F) ________ my breath and waited. It didn’t fly to my hand, but it did fly to the feeder! It took a seed and flew off to eat it. I knew it would be back, so I continued to watch and wait. And sure (G) ________, in about half an hour of patient waiting my stubbornness was rewarded and the chickadee landed on my hand!
Выберите из предложенных вариантов слово, которое пропущено в тексте рядом с буквой D.
  1. group
  2. bunch
  3. number
  4. pile
В поле ответа введите номер, который соответствует выбранному слову.


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Growing up with Joey

I enjoy thinking of my childhood. But when I think of my home town where I grew up, all that I (A) ________ to remember is dust. I remember the brown, crumbly dust of late summer that gets into the eyes and makes them water. It is the kind of dust that gets into the throat and between the (B) ________ of bare brown feet. I don't know why I should remember only the dust. There must have been green lawns and paved streets under leafy shady trees somewhere in town.

One day returns to me clearly for some reason. I was resting under the great oak tree in the yard. I was deep in thought which I have now forgotten except that it involved some secret. Joey and a bunch of kids were bored now with the old tire hanging from an oak limb. It had (C) ________ them busy for a while. “Hey, Lizabeth,” Joey yelled. He never talked when he could yell. “He, Lizabeth, let’s go somewhere.”

I came back from the thoughts of my private world. “Where at, Joey?”

The truth was that we were becoming tired (D) ________ the empty summer days.

“Let’s go over to Miss Lottie’s,” said Joey.

The idea caught on at once. Annoying Miss Lottie was always fun. I was still child (E) ________ to run along with the group.

We went over old fences and through bushes that tore our (F) ________ ripped clothes, back to where Miss Lottie lived. I think now that we must have looked partly funny and partly sad. There were six of us, all different ages, dressed in only one thing (G) ________. The girls wore faded dresses that were too long or too short. The boys wore patched pants. A little cloud of dust followed our thin legs and bare feet as we tramped over the dusty ground.
Выберите из предложенных вариантов слово, которое пропущено в тексте рядом с буквой D.
  1. from
  2. for
  3. of
  4. by
В поле ответа введите номер, который соответствует выбранному слову.


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The Lake District

The Lake District is a popular National Park. More and more people enjoy its fantastic scenery each year, due (A) ________ increasing numbers of car owners and improvements to local roads and motorways. This, (B) ________, is placing an ever increasing pressure on this beautiful and valuable environment.

Traffic jams in and around the Lake District create air pollution. Parking facilities at most tourist sites are overflowing in peak season causing visitors to park on the grass which, (C) ________, causes soil erosion. Litter is also a problem, (D) ________ many bins are provided and people are (E) ________ to take their litter home.

Activities (F) ________ hiking, camping and mountain biking cause severe footpath erosion. Visitors often leave the designated trails, risking nesting birds and animals being disturbed, vegetation being destroyed and water courses becoming polluted.

In addition, the traditional hill farming of the Lake District has effects on the landscape. Grazing sheep (G) ________ the grass short and eat other vegetation, including young saplings. The difficulty faced now is how to preserve the beauty of this area without lowering the enjoyment of visitors or impairing the livelihoods of local farmers.
Выберите из предложенных вариантов слово или словосочетание, которое пропущено в тексте рядом с буквой D.
  1. despite
  2. although
  3. in spite of
  4. even if
Запишите в поле ответа цифру, соответствующую выбранному варианту ответа.