Задание 9. Понимание основного содержания прочитанного текста: все задания

Остальные задачи

Задание

Установите соответствие между текстами A-G и заголовками 181–8.
  1. The person the university is named after
  2. The great variety of faculties to choose from
  3. University sports clubs and teams
  4. The famous graduates of the university
  5. The university research opportunities
  6. Opportunities for international students
  7. The students and the students’ life
  8. The university’s locations then and now
A. There is no doubt that Michail Lomonosov was an outstanding person of many talents and remarkable abilities. He was born in 1711, not far from Arkhangelsk, Russia. The boy was very curious and had a passion for learning. However, the village where he lived could not provide any education opportunities. When very young, Lomonosov left his village for Moscow. He became an outstanding mathematician, scientist, and writer. In 1755, he founded the university which is now considered to be the top university in Russia and has the name of Lomonosov Moscow State University.

B. Every year, Moscow State University accepts applicants from different countries of the world. There are numerous exchange programmes as well. The university also offers a wide range of post-graduate programmes and courses for international specialists in science, culture, and business studies. A lot of foreign students see studying in Moscow State University as a great chance to learn and master the Russian language, and to explore Russian culture.

C. Moscow State University provides good opportunities for studying and has a strong focus on research work. It boasts modern and well-equipped laboratories. There are more than 500 research teams in which the students and the academic staff of the university work together on the most challenging scientific and technological projects. At the Department of Space Sciences, for example, they deal with black holes and people’s behaviour in zero gravity.

D. In the 18th century, the university had only three departments: philosophy, medicine, and law. Now there are more than 40! Whether you are interested in sciences or humanities, Moscow State University has a lot to offer to you! All the faculties maintain a high level of education. According to the students’ opinion, one of the toughest faculties is the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics.

E. The number of students of the university is really impressive – it is about 40000! Naturally, their time at university does not mean only learning. On the campus they have sports facilities, swimming pools, a museum, and a theatre. The university houses musical and cultural events, and certainly the students have their own traditional holidays – Students’ Day, for example. It is celebrated on January 25, which is the date when the university was established.

F. When the university was founded, in 1755, it occupied the very impressive building of the Grand Medicine Store on Red Square. In 1787, the Empress of Russia Catherine the Great decided to move it to a new building on the other side of Mokhovaya Street. Later, the university went through several more relocations. Since 1953, most faculties have been on Sparrow Hills (Vorobyovy Gory), in the south-western part of Moscow.

G. Moscow State University has all the reasons to top the list of the best universities in the Russian Federation. The people who graduate from it are specialists in high demand. A good number of Nobel laureates started their academic career there – like the physicists Igor Tamm, Nikolay Semyonov, Pyotr Kapitsa, Alexey Abrikosov and others. The Nobel Peace Prize awardees Andrei Sakharov (the human rights activist) and Michael Gorbachev (the first President of Russia) were students of Moscow State University too.
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Задание

Установите соответствие между текстами A-G и заголовками 181–8.
  1. The famous royal tree
  2. The souvenir shops in the garden
  3. A garden in the heart of the city
  4. A garden with a history
  5. Science in the garden
  6. Arts and music events in the garden
  7. The name explains the function
  8. Amazing diversity of species
A. It is amazing to find this nice and quiet place in the centre of a megapolis. Only 200 metres that separate the busy metro station Prospect Mira from the entrance to the large and beautiful garden, Aptekarsky Ogorod. People can easily get there by car or by public transport as the bus and trolleybus stops are right in front of the main gate. Aptekarsky ogorod is open all year round, from 10.00 to 20.00.

B. Aptekarsky Ogorod tops the Moscow parks and gardens in popularity. And it is the oldest Botanical Garden in Russia. It was established in 1706 by Peter the Great and in 2018 it celebrated its 312th birthday. Aptekarsky Ogorod boasts its collection of really ancient plants – some palms and cycads are believed to be more than 200 years old. The glasshouses are a piece of historical heritage too! Some of them still have parts that date to the end of the 19th century.

C. Now Aptekarsky Ogorod is a large and very well-groomed green space. If you want to make the most of your visit, it is recommended to take a guided tour. There are more than 2000 types of trees as well as a great number of bushes, herbs, flowers and ferns. Some of them are rare and even endangered species. Amazingly, in one place, you can see water-loving tropical plants and cactuses that can survive on very little water. Delicate orchid flowers contrast with fir trees that can live in very harsh weather conditions. There are glasshouses with plants from different climatic zones!

D. In fact, Aptekarsky Ogorod is famous not only for its plants. It offers the visitors wonderful theatrical and fashion shows, concerts, exhibitions, and craft fairs. Music lovers appreciate the unique classical music performances which are held in the tropical garden, among exotic palms, flowers and vines. The concerts are sometimes held at night time, which enhance the romantic atmosphere of the garden.

E. Originally, Moscow’s oldest botanical garden grew herbs and other medical plants. It belonged to the Moscow General Hospital and the herbs were used to make the medicine for the patients and to train the doctors and medical students in botany. In those times the doctors used herbs a lot to cure colds, infections, and all sorts of diseases. The local people started to call the place Aptekarsky Ogorod which means Pharmacy Garden.

F. Since 1805 till now, Aptekarsky Ogorod has belonged to Moscow State University as a part of its Botanical Garden. It provides the students of the Biology Faculty with a unique opportunity to study and experiment with a great diversity of plants from all over the world. Over the years, many famous researchers have worked there and have made new discoveries in botany, medicine and pharmacy.

G. According to some historic researchers, one of the trees in Aptekarsky Ogorod was planted by Emperor of Russia Peter the Great. In fact, some historians insist that Peter the Great planted three trees but only one of them is still living today. It is a large larch1 , which is about 250 years now. It is one of the landmarks of the garden and tourists never miss it!


1. Лиственница.
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Задание

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами A–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 181–8.
  1. The floral diversity in the park
  2. In the heart of the big city
  3. Working hours and fees
  4. Flying in the sky
  5. The best season for visiting
  6. The history and the name of the place
  7. A cap and mittens may be needed
  8. Music fans are welcome too
A. A huge green place with an area of about 13 hectares appeared in the very centre of Moscow recently. Opened in 2017, Zaryadye Park is the newest park in the Russian capital. It is located next to the Moscow River, very close to Red Square, and, while spending their time in the park, visitors can enjoy a great view of the Kremlin. The park can be easily reached from the central metro stations and is already included in the main tourist routes round the centre of Moscow.

B. The newest design and engineering solutions were used to make the park look modern but also green and nature friendly. According to visitors, the most impressive thing in the park is the Floating Bridge. The bridge over the Moscow River is an elegant V-shape construction with very little support. It looks like it is floating in the air. Surprisingly, the bridge will not take you to the opposite side of the Moscow River. It goes from the left bank to the left bank, providing a high observation platform.

C. The park is built on a site with an interesting background. The first references to the area date to 12th century when it was inhabited mainly by craftsmen, traders and merchants. The area was close to the river, which at that time was an important trading route. A large cobbled street connected the river with the Kremlin and was used for delivering different goods there. People started to call the place Zaryadye in the 16th century because it was right behind the rows of market stalls on Red Square, which was the main market square at that time.

D. It is amazing that the urban park, which is in the centre of Moscow, contains four different climate zones. They are forest, steppe, tundra, and wetland or water meadows. The visitors can see the plants typical of each of the zones. All in all there are about 800 thousand species of trees, bushes and grass in the park. There is also a special garden for plants that prefer a much warmer climate than the climate in Russia. The garden has no walls - it is equipped with special warming panels, some of which are solar panels.

E. However, there is a place in Zaryadye park that cannot boast a large diversity of plants. It is the Ice Cave, where you can feel the atmosphere of the Arctic. Video projections, background sounds, along with tons of ice, create the impression of visiting the Far North. The pavilion actually focuses on this very topic – it tells the visitors about the flora, fauna, and the history of the Far North. With special equipment, the temperature in the cave is maintained at about 2–5 degrees below zero – some warm clothes are recommended!

F. The best architects and designers worked on the Zaryadye Park project and their combined efforts gave impressive results – all the buildings and constructions exist in perfect harmony with the surrounding landscape. The Music Centre and the Amphitheatre are perfect examples of this. They are covered with a special glass coating, which lets the sunlight in and helps to maintain a comfortable temperature. Special technologies were applied to ensure the highest quality of sound there which makes the new performance venue one of the best in the country.

G. It is no wonder that Zaryadye Park is turning into one of the most popular and most visited attractions in Moscow. It is easy to get there by Metro from any place in the city. Visiting the park is free for everyone. In most cases, however, it is necessary to buy a ticket if you want to visit a museum or attend indoor events. The park is open to the public till 10pm every day. However, the entrance is closed one hour prior to the closing time.
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Запишите в поле для ответа последовательность цифр, соответствующих текстам ABCDEFG.

Задание

Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами A–G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 181–8.
  1. Where to stay in the city
  2. Beautiful and very effective
  3. Opportunities to meet any interests
  4. The facilities for playing sports
  5. Educational entertainment in the city
  6. The beautiful sights of nature
  7. Historical attractions in the heart of the city
  8. A popular type of winter entertainment
A. Moscow is a city where you can never feel bored. It offers its citizens a lot of different ways to spend their free time constructively. In other words, the people of the city can spend their free time in a pleasant, exciting, meaningful, and useful way. They can choose from a wide range of various activities – they can visit a theatre or an exhibition, go to a sports centre, disco, concert, club whatever. There are a lot of places suitable for children where they can learn something new in an interesting and entertaining way.

B. A cold and snowy day, with low temperatures that make the air feel freezing, is not a reason to stay at home. One of the places Moscow residents enjoy visiting at weekends and during the long New Year holidays is the skating rink. There are many outdoor skating rinks. They are beautifully lit and decorated, with music and small cafés where the skaters can have some hot tea and snacks. Not only children and young people come to the skating rink – you can also see a lot of middle-aged and senior people who love skating.

C. It’s not easy to stay healthy and fit in a megalopolis. Fortunately, in Moscow, there are many recreational zones. Apart from the cycle lanes, and places for jogging and exercising in the parks, people can attend numerous sports centres, gyms, and swimming pools, which are conveniently located within most residential areas. Many schools and kindergartens can boast well-equipped sports grounds, indoor gyms and even swimming pools.

D. Moscow schools are remarkable due to the facilities they offer their students, but that is not all. In Moscow, school children have unique opportunities to learn history in the best historical museums and astronomy in a modern planetarium. There are many excursions, lectures, quests, and masterclasses, specially designed for curious young people. The children feel involved and are glad to take part in the activities not only during the school time but at weekends and during holidays too.

E. Moscow is famous for its parks and gardens. The green areas are necessary for people's well-being, and the residents of the megalopolis appreciate the opportunity to enjoy the natural beauty of flowers and trees. Some parks, like Tsaritsyno, Sokolniki, and Kolomenskoe are really huge. By walking there, one can totally escape the noise of the city. There are also relatively small but charming gardens, like Neskuchny Garden where children and adults can watch the squirrels and feed the birds.

F. On weekdays and at weekends, the centre of Moscow is always crowded. Not only the locals, but also most visitors, have a very busy programme too – there is so much to see and do in Moscow! Red Square, St. Basil’s Cathedral and other masterpieces of old Moscow never fail to amaze guests. The Moscow Kremlin looks grand and impressive. Its architecture, interior and treasure collections make it a magnet for tourists from all over the world.

G. There is one memorable place most foreign tourists mention when they talk about their trip to the capital of Russia. That is the Moscow Metro. The most beautiful subway in the world is also very efficient. The metro lines are spread under the city like a huge web, which makes every destination easily accessible. The trains come to the stations every few minutes and bring millions of passengers every day. Most people prefer the metro to other means of transport.
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