Тренировочный вариант ОГЭ по английскому языку №2

Тренировочный вариант состоит из 25 заданий (№9-33). Ответом может быть цифра, несколько цифр, слово или несколько слов. Обратите внимание: ответ всегда записывается без пробелов, например 97531 или яблокорябина. Символы с диакритическими знаками следует заменить на соответствующие латинские без диакритического знака, например ü на u. На выполнение тренировочного теста у вас есть 120 минут. Закончив работу, нажмите «Завершить тест». Яндекс.Репетитор подсчитает ваш результат и покажет верные ответы.
#297

9. Задание#T7117

Установите соответствие между текстами A-G и заголовками 181–8.
  1. The famous royal tree
  2. The souvenir shops in the garden
  3. A garden in the heart of the city
  4. A garden with a history
  5. Science in the garden
  6. Arts and music events in the garden
  7. The name explains the function
  8. Amazing diversity of species
A. It is amazing to find this nice and quiet place in the centre of a megapolis. Only 200 metres that separate the busy metro station Prospect Mira from the entrance to the large and beautiful garden, Aptekarsky Ogorod. People can easily get there by car or by public transport as the bus and trolleybus stops are right in front of the main gate. Aptekarsky ogorod is open all year round, from 10.00 to 20.00.

B. Aptekarsky Ogorod tops the Moscow parks and gardens in popularity. And it is the oldest Botanical Garden in Russia. It was established in 1706 by Peter the Great and in 2018 it celebrated its 312th birthday. Aptekarsky Ogorod boasts its collection of really ancient plants – some palms and cycads are believed to be more than 200 years old. The glasshouses are a piece of historical heritage too! Some of them still have parts that date to the end of the 19th century.

C. Now Aptekarsky Ogorod is a large and very well-groomed green space. If you want to make the most of your visit, it is recommended to take a guided tour. There are more than 2000 types of trees as well as a great number of bushes, herbs, flowers and ferns. Some of them are rare and even endangered species. Amazingly, in one place, you can see water-loving tropical plants and cactuses that can survive on very little water. Delicate orchid flowers contrast with fir trees that can live in very harsh weather conditions. There are glasshouses with plants from different climatic zones!

D. In fact, Aptekarsky Ogorod is famous not only for its plants. It offers the visitors wonderful theatrical and fashion shows, concerts, exhibitions, and craft fairs. Music lovers appreciate the unique classical music performances which are held in the tropical garden, among exotic palms, flowers and vines. The concerts are sometimes held at night time, which enhance the romantic atmosphere of the garden.

E. Originally, Moscow’s oldest botanical garden grew herbs and other medical plants. It belonged to the Moscow General Hospital and the herbs were used to make the medicine for the patients and to train the doctors and medical students in botany. In those times the doctors used herbs a lot to cure colds, infections, and all sorts of diseases. The local people started to call the place Aptekarsky Ogorod which means Pharmacy Garden.

F. Since 1805 till now, Aptekarsky Ogorod has belonged to Moscow State University as a part of its Botanical Garden. It provides the students of the Biology Faculty with a unique opportunity to study and experiment with a great diversity of plants from all over the world. Over the years, many famous researchers have worked there and have made new discoveries in botany, medicine and pharmacy.

G. According to some historic researchers, one of the trees in Aptekarsky Ogorod was planted by Emperor of Russia Peter the Great. In fact, some historians insist that Peter the Great planted three trees but only one of them is still living today. It is a large larch1 , which is about 250 years now. It is one of the landmarks of the garden and tourists never miss it!


1. Лиственница.
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Запишите в поле для ответа последовательность цифр, соответствующих текстам ABCDEFG.
Это задание составили эксперты «СтатГрада» для Яндекса

10. Задание#T7118

Прочитайте текст.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking is known all over the world. Even those who understand nothing or very little about astrophysics, theoretical physics, or any sort physics at all know his name. A great scientist and celebrity, Stephen Hawking is the author of a number of books where he explains the principles of the universe in the easiest possible way. The easy explanation and the author’s excellent writing skills made the books bestsellers at once.

Along with his exciting discoveries in the sphere of black holes, relativity, quantum mechanics and others, Stephen Hawking’s life is something amazing too! He can be called an example of courage and willpower.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford in 1942. Both his parents were Oxford University graduates, and their children’s education was a priority in the family. In fact, Stephen didn’t perform as a particularly bright boy in his early years. However, later, science subjects captured his interest and his academic results were more impressive. He became a student of University College in Oxford and found the academic work there not difficult at all. He felt a bit bored but enjoyed his life as a student - he loved parties, music, and science fiction. He joined the College Boat Club and was a member of the rowing crew. Stephen successfully completed his course in Oxford and switched to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

At the age of 21, when a Cambridge student, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a serious disease, ALS, which was due to some genetic mutations. In simple terms, the nerves that controlled his muscles failed to work and he was losing control over his body. Even now, the origin of the disease is unclear and there is no cure for it. The doctors informed Stephen that he would live two and a half years at most. In a sense, the tragic news got him to make a sort of revision of his life. He realised that he probably would not have enough time to earn his PhD and he focused on his studies and research. He worked passionately and his growing physical disability seemed only to enhance the power of his intellect.

Stephen’s wife, Jane, a language student who he married in 1965, supported him a lot. She typed and edited Stephen Hawking’s academic works, helped him during his conferences, and managed his medical procedures. Along with that, Mrs. Hawking took care of their three children and had her own career.

In spite of the doctors’ verdict, Stephen Hawking lived until 2018, when he died at the age of 76. For decades he was confined to a wheelchair, but travelled, worked for the most prestigious universities and even planned to go to space. He lost the ability to speak but easily communicated through a computer using a speech generating device. His super intellect made the greatest contribution to science ever. Till the very last days he worked and his final research was published in May 2018, shortly after his death. Indeed, Stephen Hawking is thought to be one of the greatest minds in physics since Albert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking defined his life purpose like this: ‘My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.’
Показать полностью
Определите, соответствует ли утверждение содержанию текста (11 – True), не соответствует (22 – False) или об этом в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (33 – Not stated).
Stephen Hawking's books are written for a wide reading audience.
  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated
В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Это задание составили эксперты «СтатГрада» для Яндекса

11. Задание#T7119

Прочитайте текст.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking is known all over the world. Even those who understand nothing or very little about astrophysics, theoretical physics, or any sort physics at all know his name. A great scientist and celebrity, Stephen Hawking is the author of a number of books where he explains the principles of the universe in the easiest possible way. The easy explanation and the author’s excellent writing skills made the books bestsellers at once.

Along with his exciting discoveries in the sphere of black holes, relativity, quantum mechanics and others, Stephen Hawking’s life is something amazing too! He can be called an example of courage and willpower.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford in 1942. Both his parents were Oxford University graduates, and their children’s education was a priority in the family. In fact, Stephen didn’t perform as a particularly bright boy in his early years. However, later, science subjects captured his interest and his academic results were more impressive. He became a student of University College in Oxford and found the academic work there not difficult at all. He felt a bit bored but enjoyed his life as a student - he loved parties, music, and science fiction. He joined the College Boat Club and was a member of the rowing crew. Stephen successfully completed his course in Oxford and switched to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

At the age of 21, when a Cambridge student, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a serious disease, ALS, which was due to some genetic mutations. In simple terms, the nerves that controlled his muscles failed to work and he was losing control over his body. Even now, the origin of the disease is unclear and there is no cure for it. The doctors informed Stephen that he would live two and a half years at most. In a sense, the tragic news got him to make a sort of revision of his life. He realised that he probably would not have enough time to earn his PhD and he focused on his studies and research. He worked passionately and his growing physical disability seemed only to enhance the power of his intellect.

Stephen’s wife, Jane, a language student who he married in 1965, supported him a lot. She typed and edited Stephen Hawking’s academic works, helped him during his conferences, and managed his medical procedures. Along with that, Mrs. Hawking took care of their three children and had her own career.

In spite of the doctors’ verdict, Stephen Hawking lived until 2018, when he died at the age of 76. For decades he was confined to a wheelchair, but travelled, worked for the most prestigious universities and even planned to go to space. He lost the ability to speak but easily communicated through a computer using a speech generating device. His super intellect made the greatest contribution to science ever. Till the very last days he worked and his final research was published in May 2018, shortly after his death. Indeed, Stephen Hawking is thought to be one of the greatest minds in physics since Albert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking defined his life purpose like this: ‘My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.’
Показать полностью
Определите, соответствует ли утверждение содержанию текста (11 – True), не соответствует (22 – False) или об этом в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (33 – Not stated).
Stephen Hawking took part in the presentations of his books.
  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated
В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Это задание составили эксперты «СтатГрада» для Яндекса

12. Задание#T7120

Прочитайте текст.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking is known all over the world. Even those who understand nothing or very little about astrophysics, theoretical physics, or any sort physics at all know his name. A great scientist and celebrity, Stephen Hawking is the author of a number of books where he explains the principles of the universe in the easiest possible way. The easy explanation and the author’s excellent writing skills made the books bestsellers at once.

Along with his exciting discoveries in the sphere of black holes, relativity, quantum mechanics and others, Stephen Hawking’s life is something amazing too! He can be called an example of courage and willpower.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford in 1942. Both his parents were Oxford University graduates, and their children’s education was a priority in the family. In fact, Stephen didn’t perform as a particularly bright boy in his early years. However, later, science subjects captured his interest and his academic results were more impressive. He became a student of University College in Oxford and found the academic work there not difficult at all. He felt a bit bored but enjoyed his life as a student - he loved parties, music, and science fiction. He joined the College Boat Club and was a member of the rowing crew. Stephen successfully completed his course in Oxford and switched to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

At the age of 21, when a Cambridge student, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a serious disease, ALS, which was due to some genetic mutations. In simple terms, the nerves that controlled his muscles failed to work and he was losing control over his body. Even now, the origin of the disease is unclear and there is no cure for it. The doctors informed Stephen that he would live two and a half years at most. In a sense, the tragic news got him to make a sort of revision of his life. He realised that he probably would not have enough time to earn his PhD and he focused on his studies and research. He worked passionately and his growing physical disability seemed only to enhance the power of his intellect.

Stephen’s wife, Jane, a language student who he married in 1965, supported him a lot. She typed and edited Stephen Hawking’s academic works, helped him during his conferences, and managed his medical procedures. Along with that, Mrs. Hawking took care of their three children and had her own career.

In spite of the doctors’ verdict, Stephen Hawking lived until 2018, when he died at the age of 76. For decades he was confined to a wheelchair, but travelled, worked for the most prestigious universities and even planned to go to space. He lost the ability to speak but easily communicated through a computer using a speech generating device. His super intellect made the greatest contribution to science ever. Till the very last days he worked and his final research was published in May 2018, shortly after his death. Indeed, Stephen Hawking is thought to be one of the greatest minds in physics since Albert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking defined his life purpose like this: ‘My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.’
Показать полностью
Определите, соответствует ли утверждение содержанию текста (11 – True), не соответствует (22 – False) или об этом в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (33 – Not stated).
Stephen Hawking had experience of studying in both Oxford and Cambridge.
  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated
В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Это задание составили эксперты «СтатГрада» для Яндекса

13. Задание#T7121

Прочитайте текст.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking is known all over the world. Even those who understand nothing or very little about astrophysics, theoretical physics, or any sort physics at all know his name. A great scientist and celebrity, Stephen Hawking is the author of a number of books where he explains the principles of the universe in the easiest possible way. The easy explanation and the author’s excellent writing skills made the books bestsellers at once.

Along with his exciting discoveries in the sphere of black holes, relativity, quantum mechanics and others, Stephen Hawking’s life is something amazing too! He can be called an example of courage and willpower.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford in 1942. Both his parents were Oxford University graduates, and their children’s education was a priority in the family. In fact, Stephen didn’t perform as a particularly bright boy in his early years. However, later, science subjects captured his interest and his academic results were more impressive. He became a student of University College in Oxford and found the academic work there not difficult at all. He felt a bit bored but enjoyed his life as a student - he loved parties, music, and science fiction. He joined the College Boat Club and was a member of the rowing crew. Stephen successfully completed his course in Oxford and switched to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

At the age of 21, when a Cambridge student, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a serious disease, ALS, which was due to some genetic mutations. In simple terms, the nerves that controlled his muscles failed to work and he was losing control over his body. Even now, the origin of the disease is unclear and there is no cure for it. The doctors informed Stephen that he would live two and a half years at most. In a sense, the tragic news got him to make a sort of revision of his life. He realised that he probably would not have enough time to earn his PhD and he focused on his studies and research. He worked passionately and his growing physical disability seemed only to enhance the power of his intellect.

Stephen’s wife, Jane, a language student who he married in 1965, supported him a lot. She typed and edited Stephen Hawking’s academic works, helped him during his conferences, and managed his medical procedures. Along with that, Mrs. Hawking took care of their three children and had her own career.

In spite of the doctors’ verdict, Stephen Hawking lived until 2018, when he died at the age of 76. For decades he was confined to a wheelchair, but travelled, worked for the most prestigious universities and even planned to go to space. He lost the ability to speak but easily communicated through a computer using a speech generating device. His super intellect made the greatest contribution to science ever. Till the very last days he worked and his final research was published in May 2018, shortly after his death. Indeed, Stephen Hawking is thought to be one of the greatest minds in physics since Albert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking defined his life purpose like this: ‘My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.’
Показать полностью
Определите, соответствует ли утверждение содержанию текста (11 – True), не соответствует (22 – False) или об этом в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (33 – Not stated).
Stephen Hawking got his disease due to a traffic accident.
  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated
В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Это задание составили эксперты «СтатГрада» для Яндекса

14. Задание#T7122

Прочитайте текст.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking is known all over the world. Even those who understand nothing or very little about astrophysics, theoretical physics, or any sort physics at all know his name. A great scientist and celebrity, Stephen Hawking is the author of a number of books where he explains the principles of the universe in the easiest possible way. The easy explanation and the author’s excellent writing skills made the books bestsellers at once.

Along with his exciting discoveries in the sphere of black holes, relativity, quantum mechanics and others, Stephen Hawking’s life is something amazing too! He can be called an example of courage and willpower.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford in 1942. Both his parents were Oxford University graduates, and their children’s education was a priority in the family. In fact, Stephen didn’t perform as a particularly bright boy in his early years. However, later, science subjects captured his interest and his academic results were more impressive. He became a student of University College in Oxford and found the academic work there not difficult at all. He felt a bit bored but enjoyed his life as a student - he loved parties, music, and science fiction. He joined the College Boat Club and was a member of the rowing crew. Stephen successfully completed his course in Oxford and switched to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

At the age of 21, when a Cambridge student, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a serious disease, ALS, which was due to some genetic mutations. In simple terms, the nerves that controlled his muscles failed to work and he was losing control over his body. Even now, the origin of the disease is unclear and there is no cure for it. The doctors informed Stephen that he would live two and a half years at most. In a sense, the tragic news got him to make a sort of revision of his life. He realised that he probably would not have enough time to earn his PhD and he focused on his studies and research. He worked passionately and his growing physical disability seemed only to enhance the power of his intellect.

Stephen’s wife, Jane, a language student who he married in 1965, supported him a lot. She typed and edited Stephen Hawking’s academic works, helped him during his conferences, and managed his medical procedures. Along with that, Mrs. Hawking took care of their three children and had her own career.

In spite of the doctors’ verdict, Stephen Hawking lived until 2018, when he died at the age of 76. For decades he was confined to a wheelchair, but travelled, worked for the most prestigious universities and even planned to go to space. He lost the ability to speak but easily communicated through a computer using a speech generating device. His super intellect made the greatest contribution to science ever. Till the very last days he worked and his final research was published in May 2018, shortly after his death. Indeed, Stephen Hawking is thought to be one of the greatest minds in physics since Albert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking defined his life purpose like this: ‘My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.’
Показать полностью
Определите, соответствует ли утверждение содержанию текста (11 – True), не соответствует (22 – False) или об этом в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (33 – Not stated).
According to the doctors, Stephen Hawking had a good chance to fight his disease.
  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated
В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Это задание составили эксперты «СтатГрада» для Яндекса

15. Задание#T7123

Прочитайте текст.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking is known all over the world. Even those who understand nothing or very little about astrophysics, theoretical physics, or any sort physics at all know his name. A great scientist and celebrity, Stephen Hawking is the author of a number of books where he explains the principles of the universe in the easiest possible way. The easy explanation and the author’s excellent writing skills made the books bestsellers at once.

Along with his exciting discoveries in the sphere of black holes, relativity, quantum mechanics and others, Stephen Hawking’s life is something amazing too! He can be called an example of courage and willpower.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford in 1942. Both his parents were Oxford University graduates, and their children’s education was a priority in the family. In fact, Stephen didn’t perform as a particularly bright boy in his early years. However, later, science subjects captured his interest and his academic results were more impressive. He became a student of University College in Oxford and found the academic work there not difficult at all. He felt a bit bored but enjoyed his life as a student - he loved parties, music, and science fiction. He joined the College Boat Club and was a member of the rowing crew. Stephen successfully completed his course in Oxford and switched to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

At the age of 21, when a Cambridge student, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a serious disease, ALS, which was due to some genetic mutations. In simple terms, the nerves that controlled his muscles failed to work and he was losing control over his body. Even now, the origin of the disease is unclear and there is no cure for it. The doctors informed Stephen that he would live two and a half years at most. In a sense, the tragic news got him to make a sort of revision of his life. He realised that he probably would not have enough time to earn his PhD and he focused on his studies and research. He worked passionately and his growing physical disability seemed only to enhance the power of his intellect.

Stephen’s wife, Jane, a language student who he married in 1965, supported him a lot. She typed and edited Stephen Hawking’s academic works, helped him during his conferences, and managed his medical procedures. Along with that, Mrs. Hawking took care of their three children and had her own career.

In spite of the doctors’ verdict, Stephen Hawking lived until 2018, when he died at the age of 76. For decades he was confined to a wheelchair, but travelled, worked for the most prestigious universities and even planned to go to space. He lost the ability to speak but easily communicated through a computer using a speech generating device. His super intellect made the greatest contribution to science ever. Till the very last days he worked and his final research was published in May 2018, shortly after his death. Indeed, Stephen Hawking is thought to be one of the greatest minds in physics since Albert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking defined his life purpose like this: ‘My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.’
Показать полностью
Определите, соответствует ли утверждение содержанию текста (11 – True), не соответствует (22 – False) или об этом в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (33 – Not stated).
Stephen Hawking had a family of his own.
  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated
В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Это задание составили эксперты «СтатГрада» для Яндекса

16. Задание#T7124

Прочитайте текст.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking is known all over the world. Even those who understand nothing or very little about astrophysics, theoretical physics, or any sort physics at all know his name. A great scientist and celebrity, Stephen Hawking is the author of a number of books where he explains the principles of the universe in the easiest possible way. The easy explanation and the author’s excellent writing skills made the books bestsellers at once.

Along with his exciting discoveries in the sphere of black holes, relativity, quantum mechanics and others, Stephen Hawking’s life is something amazing too! He can be called an example of courage and willpower.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford in 1942. Both his parents were Oxford University graduates, and their children’s education was a priority in the family. In fact, Stephen didn’t perform as a particularly bright boy in his early years. However, later, science subjects captured his interest and his academic results were more impressive. He became a student of University College in Oxford and found the academic work there not difficult at all. He felt a bit bored but enjoyed his life as a student - he loved parties, music, and science fiction. He joined the College Boat Club and was a member of the rowing crew. Stephen successfully completed his course in Oxford and switched to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

At the age of 21, when a Cambridge student, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a serious disease, ALS, which was due to some genetic mutations. In simple terms, the nerves that controlled his muscles failed to work and he was losing control over his body. Even now, the origin of the disease is unclear and there is no cure for it. The doctors informed Stephen that he would live two and a half years at most. In a sense, the tragic news got him to make a sort of revision of his life. He realised that he probably would not have enough time to earn his PhD and he focused on his studies and research. He worked passionately and his growing physical disability seemed only to enhance the power of his intellect.

Stephen’s wife, Jane, a language student who he married in 1965, supported him a lot. She typed and edited Stephen Hawking’s academic works, helped him during his conferences, and managed his medical procedures. Along with that, Mrs. Hawking took care of their three children and had her own career.

In spite of the doctors’ verdict, Stephen Hawking lived until 2018, when he died at the age of 76. For decades he was confined to a wheelchair, but travelled, worked for the most prestigious universities and even planned to go to space. He lost the ability to speak but easily communicated through a computer using a speech generating device. His super intellect made the greatest contribution to science ever. Till the very last days he worked and his final research was published in May 2018, shortly after his death. Indeed, Stephen Hawking is thought to be one of the greatest minds in physics since Albert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking defined his life purpose like this: ‘My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.’
Показать полностью
Определите, соответствует ли утверждение содержанию текста (11 – True), не соответствует (22 – False) или об этом в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (33 – Not stated).
Stephen Hawking chose a voice with an American accent to talk through his computer.
  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated
В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.
Это задание составили эксперты «СтатГрада» для Яндекса

17. Задание#T7125

Прочитайте текст.

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking is known all over the world. Even those who understand nothing or very little about astrophysics, theoretical physics, or any sort physics at all know his name. A great scientist and celebrity, Stephen Hawking is the author of a number of books where he explains the principles of the universe in the easiest possible way. The easy explanation and the author’s excellent writing skills made the books bestsellers at once.

Along with his exciting discoveries in the sphere of black holes, relativity, quantum mechanics and others, Stephen Hawking’s life is something amazing too! He can be called an example of courage and willpower.

Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford in 1942. Both his parents were Oxford University graduates, and their children’s education was a priority in the family. In fact, Stephen didn’t perform as a particularly bright boy in his early years. However, later, science subjects captured his interest and his academic results were more impressive. He became a student of University College in Oxford and found the academic work there not difficult at all. He felt a bit bored but enjoyed his life as a student - he loved parties, music, and science fiction. He joined the College Boat Club and was a member of the rowing crew. Stephen successfully completed his course in Oxford and switched to Cambridge to study for his PhD.

At the age of 21, when a Cambridge student, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a serious disease, ALS, which was due to some genetic mutations. In simple terms, the nerves that controlled his muscles failed to work and he was losing control over his body. Even now, the origin of the disease is unclear and there is no cure for it. The doctors informed Stephen that he would live two and a half years at most. In a sense, the tragic news got him to make a sort of revision of his life. He realised that he probably would not have enough time to earn his PhD and he focused on his studies and research. He worked passionately and his growing physical disability seemed only to enhance the power of his intellect.

Stephen’s wife, Jane, a language student who he married in 1965, supported him a lot. She typed and edited Stephen Hawking’s academic works, helped him during his conferences, and managed his medical procedures. Along with that, Mrs. Hawking took care of their three children and had her own career.

In spite of the doctors’ verdict, Stephen Hawking lived until 2018, when he died at the age of 76. For decades he was confined to a wheelchair, but travelled, worked for the most prestigious universities and even planned to go to space. He lost the ability to speak but easily communicated through a computer using a speech generating device. His super intellect made the greatest contribution to science ever. Till the very last days he worked and his final research was published in May 2018, shortly after his death. Indeed, Stephen Hawking is thought to be one of the greatest minds in physics since Albert Einstein.

Stephen Hawking defined his life purpose like this: ‘My goal is simple. It is complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.’
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Определите, соответствует ли утверждение содержанию текста (11 – True), не соответствует (22 – False) или об этом в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (33 – Not stated).
Due to his physical condition Stephen Hawking had to give up his research work a few years before his death.
  1. True
  2. False
  3. Not stated
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18. Задание#T7126

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Like most teenage boys, Nick didn't like shopping. His mother and two sisters sometimes (SPEND) ________ a whole day in the shopping centre, which Nick thought a great waste of time.
Преобразуйте слово, напечатанное заглавными буквами в скобках, так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
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19. Задание#T7127

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To him, shopping was the (BORING) ________ activity in the world and he always tried to escape it.
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20. Задание#T7128

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That Saturday, however, he had to join his mum for the shopping trip. He needed a new coat. The old one was too small and old. It (COVER) ________ with stains of unknown origin and even the washing machine was not able to remove them.
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21. Задание#T7129

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"If you don’t go with (I) ________, I won’t buy you anything," promised mum. "I need to be sure that the coat is exactly your size and that you like it."
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22. Задание#T7130

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"‘Why can’t we buy it on the Internet?" asked Nick. He (NOT/WANT) ________ to ruin his weekend and was looking for an opportunity to stay at home.
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23. Задание#T7131

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Nick’s mum answered that she (HATE) ________ shopping online and left the room.
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24. Задание#T7132

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Nick switched on his computer and started browsing the net. There (BE) ________ a lot of coats of all fashions and sizes – the Internet shops offered them in different colours and at different prices.
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25. Задание#T7133

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"Look, Mum! I (FIND) ________ what I want," Nick came up to his mother with the computer in his hands.
Преобразуйте слово, напечатанное заглавными буквами в скобках, так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
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26. Задание#T7134

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She (TALK) ________ on the phone and made Nick a sign to wait for a moment.
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27. Задание#T7135

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My friend Jane enjoys learning languages. She thinks it is an (INTEREST) ________ and practical hobby.
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28. Задание#T7136

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Jane also believes that languages are very (USE) ________ when people travel and she dreams of travelling a lot.
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29. Задание#T7137

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Jane wants to see (DIFFER) ________ countries and be able to talk to people who live there.
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30. Задание#T7138

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She says that good (COMMUNICATE) ________ skills can also help to make a successful career.
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31. Задание#T7139

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Jane also enjoys reading and sometimes writes short stories for youth magazines. She (CERTAIN) ________ has a talent for writing.
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32. Задание#T7140

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I won’t be surprised if one day she is a famous (WRITE) ________ and her books are sold all over the world.
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33. Задание#T7141

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Jane.
... We are going on an excursion next week. We often go somewhere as a class and I like it so much! But I hate long bus trips. I sometimes feel unwell on the bus ...

...When was the last time you went on an excursion? What is your favourite means of transport for a long trip? What place would you recommend a foreigner to visit in your city and why? ...
Write her a letter and answer her 33 questions.
Write 100100120120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
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